Climate change is certainly affecting our lifestyles to a greater extent as each year passes and building designs did not anticipate the heat loading and cycles of cooling required to comfortably function for the future.

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Dear Tony: With the growing heat and climate change, many of the owners in our older highrise building are seeking permission to install air conditioners either in windows or as heat pumps with external-mounted air-circulation systems.

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Our bylaws do not permit any installation for air conditioning as we have had noise and building envelope issues that have resulted in numerous complaints and damages to our aging systems. As a mid-rise Victoria building constructed in the mid ’80s, we have limited options. How are strata corporations managing the pressure for air conditioning installations and alterations to common property?

— Paul F.

Dear Paul:

Climate change is certainly affecting our lifestyles to a greater extent as each year passes and building designs did not anticipate the heat loading and cycles of cooling required to comfortably function for the future.

There are two sources for cooling in multi-family buildings. The collective hallway air systems that provide fresh pressurized air to corridors, which can be in the form of air conditioning, heat pumps, or chillers, is one source. The second source is strata lot air conditioners, if they can be installed easily or with modifications that meet the requirements of the strata corporation. If your building air system is working efficiently, the cooling of the common area hallways will not provide sufficient cooling for the units, but it will reduce building heat loading and provide cool fresh air to reduce the demand on individual homes.

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While your bylaws may prohibit installation of air conditioners, the strata corporation is likely going to be faced with requests from owners with medical conditions requesting accommodation under the B.C. Human Rights Code for permission to install in-suite window units, window-mounted units or heat pumps with external venting.

Before a strata corporation is faced with the issue of compromising the health of residents and the potential challenges and conflicts of the bylaws, consider amending the bylaws to permit air-conditioning systems. Set a standard for how the units are installed, the types of units that may be considered, and how alterations are managed for both the liability of the unit owners and the corporation.

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The standard bylaws of the strata property act are insufficient to address the terms and conditions for alterations to strata lots and the common property, so set a schedule that is followed by both the strata council and the applicants. The type of alterations permitted, how the components are installed, maintenance requirements, costs associated with the alterations, and any required reports for technical installation, engineering and permits for electrical services or changes can all be part of the bylaw.

If approved, pulling all of this together should be a written agreement for permission for the installation of the system and it should reflect all the requirements of the bylaws including associated costs for the installation and any future costs of repair or maintenance to the common property.

Tony Gioventu is executive director of the Condominium Home Owners Association. Email tony@choa.bc.ca

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